Read Hard Times by Charles Dickens Online

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(Book Jacket Status: Jacketed)By 1854, when Hard Times was published, Charles Dickens' magisterial progress as a writer had come to incorporate a many-sided, coherent vision of English society, both as it was and as he wished it to be. Hard Times. a classic Dickensian story of redemption set in a North of England town beset by industrialism, everywhere benefits from this v(Book Jacket Status: Jacketed)By 1854, when Hard Times was published, Charles Dickens' magisterial progress as a writer had come to incorporate a many-sided, coherent vision of English society, both as it was and as he wished it to be. Hard Times. a classic Dickensian story of redemption set in a North of England town beset by industrialism, everywhere benefits from this vision - in the trenchancy of its satire, in its sweeping indignation at social injustice, and in the persistent humanity with which its author enlivens his largest and smallest incidents....

Title : Hard Times
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ISBN : 9780451523006
Format Type : Paperback
Number of Pages : 301 Pages
Status : Available For Download
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Hard Times Reviews

  • Rhiannon
    2018-11-29 12:02

    This book is, for me, Dickens' best. I loved every second of it, the darkness of Tom's steady descent into drinking and gambling were brilliant and there were several times I found myself simply rereading a few paragraphs over and over, in awe at them. (The end of Chapter XIX, The Whelp, is something I hold in very high regard as possibly one of his best pieces of writing ever.) I want to deal with the characters individually from here, since I feel they are all very important.Mr Gradgrind - Facts. This man's obsession with facts and hate for fantasy is possibly one of the most genius parts of the plot, highlighting exactly what Dickens means to say. His regret at the end serves to show the inevitable outcome of living his sort of life, and is done in a very clever way. His name is also wonderful. I like to say it. Gradgrind. It's great, isn't it?Bounderby - Dickens made me hate him, and he was made to be hated. For all his bluster and superiority he is in fact worse in moral integrity than Stephen or Tom, which is why I was intensely glad as Louisa took her steps away from him. He really is a 'bounder'.Louisa/Loo - A perfect tragic heroine, but I couldn't help thinking more than once that she should really get some backbone. But I suppose that was the point, so she was well done too.Cecilia/Sissy - I didn't like her very much, but I did like the way she was used, as the embodiment of fancy and fun. She served to drive the point home and was useful in terms of story development.Tom/The Whelp - Goodness, I hated him sometimes. As I've already said, his descent was done well and some of the description around him was fantastic. Dickens' habit of referring to him as the whelp was perfect.Stephen Blackpool - The character I could emphathise with most, he was likeable and pitiable. I loved his struggle with Slackbridge and the Trade Union, and his contrasting relationships with Rachel and his wife made me feel very sorry for both of them. His ending was also very sad, and shows just how cruel people can be to each other.Mrs Sparsit - One of the most brilliant in the book. The image of her staircase, with Louisa walking to the bottom, is one that has stuck with me as being particularly genius. I also laughed at her disappointment by the train towards the end, as she was so anxious to see the downfall of others she ended up being nothing more than a jobless window.James Harthouse - Although for most of the book I wished Louisa would run away with him, the end convinced me otherwise. Still, he was a very interesting character who provided a catalyst for all the suppressed emotions of the Gradgrinds/Bounderbys.All in all, a brilliant book.

  • Henry Avila
    2018-11-14 12:51

    Mr. Thomas Gradgrind , a very wealthy, former merchant, now retired, only believes in facts, and mathematics, two plus two, is four... facts are important, facts will lift you into prosperity, facts are what to live by, they are the only thing that matters, everything else is worthless ... knowing. He sets up a model school, were the terrorized students, will learn this, ( and other subjects that are unfortunately, also taught) the eminently practical man, teaches his five children at birth ... facts! They fear him, a dictator, at home, his weak minded, sick wife, just looks on, wrapping herself up, to keep warm and complaining of her weariness . But fictitious Coketown , (Manchester) is a dirty, factory town, incessant noises from countless machines, powered by coal, chimneys forever spewing dark gases, polluting the air, thick smoke like a twisting snake high above the atmosphere, moving this way and that, spreading all through the surrounding areas, the filth, the sickness, and early death, to the inhabitants, but the "hands" are not relevant, money is, making lots of it, that, and only that. A foul- smelling canal, and even more, a purple river, flows by , the buildings becoming an ugly gray, quickly, the people have to escape to the countryside, to breath fresh healthy air. Travelers going by this place, can only imagine there is a city there, under the black cloud covering, yet they can't see it. Mr. Gradgrind best friend, if there is such an animal, in his circle, is the banker, and manufacturer, Mr. Josiah Bounderby, always telling anyone, within hearing distance, that he himself, rose from the gutter, to become a rich man, no help... he did it alone . Story after story, of his sleeping in the streets, hungry, soiled, without a farthing to his name. Abandoned by the evil, uncaring, widowed mother, brought up by his horrible, drunken grandmother, who beats the child repeatedly . Entertaining, heart-wrenching, you felt for this man, how he suffered greatly in youth, except it's not quite true ...in fact, lies. Louisa, Mr. Gradgrind's oldest and favorite child, is very pretty, the bachelor Bounderby, has eyes for her, when she reaches the proper age of about 20, the fifty- year -old man, asks for her hand in marriage, of course, conveying this fact first, to her father. Louisa says what does it matter, a prisoner in her own home, the girl hasn't seen anything of the world, disaster follows, the couple have nothing in common, what can they talk about? Mrs. Sparsit, her husband's meddling housekeeper, from a good family, hates her. Louisa, flirts with the restless, gentleman, Mr. James Harthouse, who proudly states that he is no good! Still Louisa, only loves her brother, "The Whelp", young Thomas, getting money from his sister, gambling, drinking, wasting it all and always coming back for more. The selfish boy, works in the bank for Mr. Bounderby, his now, brother- in- law, when the well runs dry, the drunkard "finds" some 150 pounds sterling, inside the bank, not properly being used and sees, that it will be. Implicating an innocent "hand", Stephen Blackpool, fired recently by Bounderby, for speaking too much, shunned by the trade union members, for not joining, he walks the streets a lonely man, with an alcoholic wife who deserted him, she still periodically comes back , to sober up, and a sweetheart, that he can't marry too. Mr.Blackpool, seeks work elsewhere, not knowing he's a suspect, in the puzzling crime. The industrial revolution makes some people rich and others sick, but there is no going back , the dye has been cast ...

  • Lyn
    2018-12-12 11:12

    Hard Times is Dickens’s novel set in the fictional Coketown and centering around utilitarian and industrial influences on Victorian society. Dickens’s brilliant use of characterization can be seen in high form here and as always, his naming of his story’s populace is entertaining by itself. The best is without a doubt Mr. McChokumchild, a teacher. Louisa Gradgrind is a thinly disguised fictionalization of John Stuart Mill. One of the great things about reading literature from the 1800s or earlier is that a reader can ascertain how contemporary works have been influenced by the older work. Wildly inspirational and influential. Elements of Hard Times and Dickens work in general can be seen in Roger Waters works, Monty Python and even The Big Lebowski.

  • Jean
    2018-12-14 05:13

    “Now, what I want is Facts. Teach these boys and girls nothing but Facts. Facts alone are wanted in life. Plant nothing else, and root out everything else. You can only form the minds of reasoning animals upon Facts; nothing else will ever be of any service to them.”So begins Hard Times, and what an opening this is! We know instantly from this, some of what the novel will be about, and the character of the man who says these words. He is plain-speaking in his “inflexible, dry, and dictatorial” voice, direct and committed to his extreme view of teaching as instruction. His name is Mr. Thomas Gradgrind, “an eminently practical man”, and he has an ailing wife, and five children called Louisa, Tom, Jane - and revealingly - Adam Smith and Malthus. He has a misguided idea of Utilitarianism as a ideal in all things, only valuing facts and statistics, and ruthlessly suppressing the imaginative sides of his children's nature.Mr. Gradgrind also has a close friend, a banker and mill owner, Josiah Bounderby, who boasts that he is a self-made man, proud that he raised himself in the streets after being abandoned as a child - and in the meantime never letting anyone forget it. Whereas both men express the same hardnosed views, Josiah Bounderby is a very different sort of man, a blustering, arrogant and hypocritical man,“A man who was always proclaiming, through that brassy speaking-trumpet of a voice of his, his old ignorance and his old poverty. A man who was the Bully of humility”.“'We have never had any difficulty with you, and you have never been one of the unreasonable ones. You don't expect to be set up in a coach and six, and to be fed on turtle soup and venison, with a gold spoon, as a good many of 'em do!' Mr. Bounderby always represented this to be the sole, immediate, and direct object of any Hand who was not entirely satisfied.” Hard Times is an unusual novel for Dickens, in that it is set in a Lancashire mill town in the North of England, and deals with the working conditions of the “hands” or workers there. This is not Dickens's familiar geographical area, nor is this novel his best accomplishment by a long way. Yet the novel is now a bestseller, and often the first one people read, or study at school, because it is his shortest novel.What prompted Dickens's sudden interest, was a twenty-three week long mill workers' strike in Preston, which Dickens had gone to see in January 1854, prior to writing about it in his periodical “Household Words”. He based his invented grimy, soot-besmirched “Coketown” on Preston. There are fewer descriptive passages than usual in this short novel, but the depressed gloom of Coketown is very effectively conveyed, “It was a town of red brick, or of brick that would have been red if the smoke and ashes had allowed it; but as matters stood, it was a town of unnatural red and black like the painted face of a savage. It was a town of machinery and tall chimneys, out of which interminable serpents of smoke trailed themselves for ever and ever, and never got uncoiled. It had a black canal in it, and a river that ran purple with ill-smelling dye, and vast piles of building full of windows where there was a rattling and a trembling all day long, and where the piston of the steam-engine worked monotonously up and down, like the head of an elephant in a state of melancholy madness.”In principle Dickens was very interested in this area of workers' conditions and the resultant protests. He had touched on working class unrest in “Barnaby Rudge”, and had intended to write about factories in “Nicholas Nickleby”, although both of these are far longer and more powerful novels. The article he wrote in “Household Words” after his visit, says,“... into the relations between employers and employed ... there must enter something of feeling and sentiment ... mutual explanation, forbearance and consideration ... otherwise those relations are wrong and rotten to the core and will otherwise never bear sound fruit.” Dickens firmly believed that every individual should have dignity and be accorded respect. Unfortunately though, the part of the “Preston Workers' Bill” that he went on to quote, presents itself as a standard Marxist theory of labour value, mentioning the “gold which is now being used to crush those who created it.” This simply went too far, and alienated his readers. The novel was not then very popular; indeed all such criticisms of the upcoming Industrial Revolution were frowned on. Looking backwards was not the way. The popular belief was that rich rewards were in store, rapid progress was assured, and that mechanisation would provide a panacea for all. Only in retrospect can we put Hard Times in context, and see what the author was trying to achieve in this specific short period of history, and also appreciate the many other aspects of the story, which were somewhat overshadowed by this unpopular message.For Dickens was keen to illustrate his beliefs with this, his tenth novel, published in weekly parts between April and August 1854. He also, perhaps unwisely, widened his remit to include another issue of social reform close to his heart, that of Education. His earlier novels had become increasingly complex, dealing with multiple issues and with many intertwining plots, subplots and mysteries, culminating in the masterly “Bleak House”. However, with Hard Times, he seems to have misjudged the scope slightly. To write a searing indictment of Utilitarianism as currently practised, to damn both employment conditions and industrial action, plus condemning a theoretical Utiliarianism put into practice in schools, and to then put the whole into an entertaining framework with a dash of comedy and romance, was simply overambitious. Sales of “Household Words” had been flagging, and Dickens attempted to boost these by issuing his new serial in weekly parts, instead of monthly parts, as hitherto. This was alongside all the other activities in his life: editing, directing, acting, his social work and speaking, plus all the domestic dramas he had. Dickens worked best under pressure, but even he admitted that to write episodes of Hard Times week after week was “crushing”. Dickens was a novelist, albeit an exceptionally talented novelist, and one of the first, but he was neither a philosopher nor a political economist - and certainly not a revolutionary. He was also aware that for the large part, his readers would have no truck with unionism. He had set himself a well-nigh impossible task.Dickens rallied for the underdog, and was keen to demonstrate the continuing inhumane conditions for the poor, and the new sort of constraints that industrialisation would bring in its wake for the workers. But the way he depicts the "good" workers in this novel, Stephen Blackpool and Rachael, shows that his belief was in a sort of "noble poor". He thought they should accept their lot with dignity, and leave it to others to improve their conditions. They are docile and harmless characters, working themselves to death. When difficulties arise, they cannot be self-sufficient. They have no honourable alternative but to go cap in hand to their bosses, relying on a paternalistic system to help them. They thus come across sometimes as mere mouthpieces for ideologies; rather flat and unconvincing prototypes compared with the other characters in the book.Even if Dickens had had the time and space to develop this novel into the sort of Dickens novel which reigns supreme, it is doubtful whether it would serve the function he probably intended. What it does do, is give a snapshot of people, rather than depict a mass movement. We have individuals to represent the different types, and in Hard Times they unfortunately seem more than ever mere constructs to spout certain opinions. This is probably always going to be a danger with any persuasive novel. Dickens also provided a counterweight to these "noble poor" characters. Just as in “Barnaby Rudge” he had shown us that mob rule was not the answer, here too the organisers of the strike are shown as underhand manipulators, quick to remove themselves from any blame. Slackbridge, the trade union agitator trying to convert the workers to unionism, is described as,“not so honest ... not so manly, he was not so good-humoured; he substituted cunning for their simplicity, and passion for their safe solid sense.”Mr. Gradgrind's school, just as Josiah Bounderby's mill, is equally constrained, based on ideology, dry theory and a sort of blinkered ignorance of the emotional side of life. Thomas Gradgrind, supported by the wonderfully named schoolmaster “Mr. M'Choakumchild”, is not an evil, nor even an unkind man. He is contrasted with Josiah Bounderby right at the start, and Dickens makes it plain in his introduction that a large part of the novel will be to show the growth and development of Gradgrind's character. I certainly felt very sorry for him by the end.It has to be said, that flawed though this novel is, the characters are an absolute delight. Chief for sheer entertainment value has to be Mrs. Sparsit, Josiah Bounderby's elderly housekeeper with her “Coriolanian style of nose” (which is always poking into other people's business) and “dense black eyebrows”. She has aristocratic connections by way of her great aunt Lady Scadgers, and considers herself a cut above her employer. Her interactions with the blustering, pompous Josiah Bounderby, are a constant source of amusement. There is the pantomime villain, James Harthouse, an exaggerated version of Steerforth in “David Copperfield”. I could almost imagine him twirling his moustache, smooth-talking devil that he is; a heartless and unprincipled young politician. There is the anaemic fact-spouting machine Bitzer. And Mrs. Gradgrind, a minor character, amusingly endearing, always telling her children they should be studying their “ologies”, “A little, thin, white, pink-eyed bundle of shawls, of surpassing feebleness, mental and bodily; who was always taking physic without any effect, and who, whenever she showed a symptom of coming to life, was invariably stunned by some weighty piece of fact tumbling on her;”Most memorably, when asked if she is in pain, she remarks vaguely,“I think there's a pain somewhere in the room ... but I couldn't positively say that I have got it”. There is the lisping Mr. Sleary and his travelling circus. Dickens always has to include a theatrical troupe, or some entertainers of this type in his novels, and his personal love of the exuberance and spontaneity of the circus, and the generosity of spirit of circus folk, shines through brightly. When Sleary lisps, “people mutht be amuthed” it is really Dickens who is speaking. Dickens held passionate views on the rights of everyone to amusements; fighting against groups who advocated strict observance of the Sabbath, saying that Sunday was the only day that working people had to indulge in simple amusements, or even to attend museums and so forth. To make a circus an integral part of the serious concerns of this novel's plot is quite a tour de force, but he achieves it. Mr. Sleary's circus is essential to both the beginning, where we are introduced to Louisa and Tom peeping under the curtain of the circus tent, intrigued by all the unfamiliar lights, drama, colour and action, and to the ending ... which, naturally, I shall not divulge.Louisa and Tom, sister and brother, are central characters. Louisa would do anything for her brother, “The Whelp”, as Dickens calls him. She loves Tom dearly, sullen though he is. Louisa develops through experience, much as her father does; she is a very strong character, whose initial sulkiness changes. She has determination and obstinacy, but also a strong sense of duty and justice. Through the story she moves through both indifference to her plight, and cynicism. She undergoes trials and tribulations which might break any young spirit, but remains true to herself. For those who (unfairly) castigate Dickens for docile females, look to Louisa - or her friend Sissy Jupe, from the circus. Or to Mrs. Sparsit, of course, although she is more of a grotesque than an heroic character. No, in every single novel Dickens writes, he provides us with plenty of strong females. It is clear however, that just as he does not like the poor to be too outspoken, he admires the quieter tenaciousness of women in extremis, and views this as an admirable female trait. Interestingly, at the time of writing this novel, Dickens's own marriage was crumbling. He had included three essays on divorce in “Household Words” that month, and in Hard Times he portrays the plight of a man who is unable to divorce his burdensome wife, even though in this case she is “a drunk”, a hopeless wretched addict. It is Josiah Bounderby who explains in great detail everything that would be involved in such a procedure, “Why you'd have to go to Doctors' Commons with a suit, and you'd have to go to a Court of Common Law with a suit, and you'd have to get an Act of Parliament to enable you to marry again, and it would cost you ... I suppose from a thousand to fifteen hunded pound ... perhaps twice the money.”The character he is speaking to earns a mere few shillings a week. But it seems pertinent that Dickens inserted this detail. Dickens researched his novels quite well, reading a book on the Lancashire dialect prior to writing this, for instance, to make sure his representation of the characters' speech was accurate. Divorce was expensive, legally difficult, and socially unacceptable in the 19th century. It looks as though Dickens underwent intensive research on how to obtain a divorce, to see if it would be feasible for himself. In fact he separated from Catherine, with whom he had ten children, four years later in 1858, but never did divorce her. There are fewer characters in this novel than usual, and none of them seem to be based on real people Dickens knew, and whom his readers knew. In earlier novels there were often several of these in one novel. It must have been a guilty pleasure for many reading a new serial by Dickens, to look out for a recognisable character, such as his erstwhile friend Hans Christian Andersen, whom he had maliciously immortalised in the odious character of Uriah Heep in “David Copperfield”. So it is quite disappointing to find none included, just as it is disappointing to realise that any illustrations were drawn later on, by various artists, and only a very few within Dickens's own lifetime. Presumably the constraints of writing to a weekly deadline impinged on more than the novel's text itself. The critics' views of Hard Times lurch from one extreme to the other. One characterises it as “sullen socialism”; yet another's view is that it is his “masterpiece” and “his only serious work of art”. These views seem to be rather partisan, reflecting the political and socio-economic views of the individual, rather than impartially judging any merit in, or assessment of, the novel itself. It is undoubtedly not his best work, but it is enjoyable nevertheless. Parts of it made me laugh out loud; I felt suitably shocked, saddened and indignant at others. It has all Dickens's sarcasm, wit, expostulation, sentiment and ridiculous cameos. He can shift in a page-turn from scathing satire to heart-rending pathos. In a way Hard Times is a throwback. It is dissimilar to the majestic novels which immediately precede it, but is more reminiscent of the biting sarcasm of the early novels such as “Oliver Twist”. It does however show the maturity and skill of the later writer. There is tragedy, frailty, robbery, treachery, deceit, impersonation, violence, greed, overarching ambition, possibly an attempted murder, imprisonment and deportation; all humanity and inhumanity is here. And what lingers is the message of the vital and enduring importance of the imagination and fantasy; of a young life perilously close to being blighted by an upbringing blinkered by Utilitarian principles. There is the satisfactory ending, characteristic of Dickens's novels, where all the characters are accounted for, and in general (although not in every case) the villains get their just desserts. Hard Times is like a little taste of Dickens. Sadly you do not get the depth of character, the richness of detail in his powerful descriptions, both of place and character, nor do you get the rich tapestry of convoluted plots. Another critic wrote that it is more like “a menu card for a meal rather than one of Dickens's rich feasts,” and this I find quite apt.But it is hugely enjoyable and could not be written by anyone else. Give it a try, but if it is your first Dickens, please make sure it is not the only one. You would miss out on so much.“'How could you give me life, and take from me all the inappreciable things that raise it from the state of conscious death? Where are the graces of my soul? Where are the sentiments of my heart? What have you done, oh, Father, What have you done with the garden that should have bloomed once, in this great wilderness here? ' said Louisa as she touched her heart.”

  • سماح عطية
    2018-11-15 08:57

    ربما تحمل بعض الروايات الأجنبية فكرة، حكمة ما؛تضيق وتتسع بحسب أثرها على القاريء وما تلمسه من نبضات تكوينه .لكن إبداع اللغة يتجلّى لي في الأدب العربيّ من جمال أساليبها أحب أن أنهل، وفي روعة بلاغتها أشتاق للإبحارلا مثيل للحرف العربي في إسعادي وإطرابي ..“ إنّ الذي ملأ اللغات محاسناً .. جعل الجمال و سرّه في الضّاد ”- أحمد شوقي

  • Apatt
    2018-11-28 06:10

    "Now, what I want is Facts. Teach these boys and girls nothing but Facts. Facts alone are wanted in life. Plant nothing else, and root out everything else. You can only form the mind of reasoning animals upon Facts: nothing else will ever be of any service to them."Mr. Gradgrind, Hard Times"We don't need no educationWe don't need no thought control"Another Brick in the Wall (Part II) - Roger Waters, Pink FloydRoger Waters' lyrics could almost be a direct response to Mr. Gradgrind's ridiculous world view.The worst thing about Hard Times is the title, very off putting. You get the feeling that the book will indeed give you a hard time and should be avoided like the plague; particularly if you have never read Dickens before and assume that his books are hard to read. As it turned out Hard Times is one of the easiest Dickens books to follow, neither the plot or the prose is particularly convoluted. It is also one of his shortest and most concise, clocking in at a measly 350 or so pages instead of 1000+ like most of his novels.The major theme, as far as I can discern, is the effect of stifling upbringing and overly rigid fact-based education at the expense of allowing children to cultivate their imagination. Facts and figures are essential for the development of intellect but they need to be balanced with fanciful stories and leisurely pastime. The novel’s protagonist Louisa was raised and homeschooled by her father to only be concerned with “facts facts facts!” and tales of fantasy, circuses etc, are boycotted. This has the effect of turning an innately decent loving girl into a living refrigerator. The effect on her brother is even worse, as he grows up to be a dissipated, deceitful and generally useless individual.This being a Dickens novel the plight of the poor and the injustice society inflicts on them is depicted with a fierce passion. Both “the masters” (factory owners) and trade unionists are portrayed in very poor light. To balance the unsavory characters Dickens also introduces us to his stock “nice”, simple and honest characters and several eccentric ones. Also, even with the serious issues, Dickens wants to bring to your attention in this book, he never forgets his storytelling duties, Hard Times is well paced, sometimes funny, sometimes sad, and never drags.The reason I enjoy reading about Dickens’ characters is the reason his detractors criticize him for. His supporting characters tend to be colorful in appearance, behavior and speech. However, they are also frequently cartoonish and unbelievable as real people. This is perfectly acceptable to me because I don’t think Dickens’ intention is to write ultra-real gritty fiction. The crazy characters are there to entertain and also function as caricatures of certain types of people for metaphorical purposes. For example Josiah Bounderby one of the antagonists seems like some kind of angry red balloon, all bluster and extreme arrogance. His housekeeper Mrs. Sparsit is super aristocratic and a real nasty piece of work. James Harthouse, a total cad with the seduction of Louisa in mind. His slick patter is very amusing and brings to mind one of Oscar Wilde’s more outrageous “motormouth” characters.Dickens also gets a lot of flak for his melodramatic sentimental plots and “deus ex machina”. All true but without writing a tedious defence of the great man I would simply say that I am OK with it all. I always find his fiction to be accessible, entertaining and poignant. His prose is also a work of art, sometimes sardonic sometimes lyrical. Again the haters find him verbose, and again I enjoy his verbosity.My audiobook version is superbly performed by actor Martin Jarvis, definitely not just a narration, but an actual dramatic vocal performance with tons of different voices and accents.In conclusion, this alleged review seems more like an exercise in Dickens fanboying (now that's something you don't see every day!) than a proper review. Ah well, it’s the best I can do at this time of night.Last words go to Mr. Sleary, circus manager extraordinaire (who speaks with a lisp) "People mutht be amuthed. They can’t be alwayth a learning, nor yet they can’t be alwayth a working, they an’t made for it. You mutht have uth, Thquire. Do the withe thing and the kind thing too, and make the betht of uth; not the wurtht!"This.

  • Ahmad Sharabiani
    2018-11-29 10:55

    Hard times, 1854,Charles DickensHard Times – For These Times (commonly known as Hard Times) is the tenth novel by Charles Dickens, first published in 1854. The book surveys English society and satirises the social and economic conditions of the era.عنوانها: روزگار سخت؛ دوران سخت؛ دوران مشقت؛ نویسنده: چارلز دیکنز؛ تاریخ نخستین خوانش: پانزدهم ماه ژوئن سال 2010 میلادیعنوان: روزگار سخت؛ نویسنده: چارلز دیکنز؛ مترجم: حسین اعرابی؛ تهران، نگاه، 1364، در 446 ص؛ عنوان: روزگار سخت؛ مترجم: الهام دانش نژاد؛ تلخیص برای نوجوانان، در 71 ص در تهران، دبیر، 1389؛عنوان: دوران سخت؛ مترجم: سید جلیل شاهرودی لنگرودی؛ تهران، نشر سخن، مجید، 1394، در 416 ص؛ شابک: 978600941263؛روزگار سخت؛ یکی از عنوانهای فارسی رمانی از چارلز دیکنز (زاده 1812 میلادی درگذشت سال 1870 میلادی)، نویسنده ی انگلیسی، که در سال 1854 میلادی منتشر شد. حاصل مشاهدات نویسنده درباره وضع صنعت در شهر منچستر و پریستون‌ و زندگی کارگران و روابطشان با کارفرمایان است. تامس گرادگریند، نمونه صاحب صنعت تسلط‌ جوی و اهل شهر کوکناون از مراکز صنعتی، «مردی است کاملاً اهل عمل» که به چیزی جز واقعیات و آمار عقیده ندارد و فرزندان خود لویز و تام جوان را با سرکوب کردن بی‌رحمانه ی جنبه‌ های ذوقی و آرمانی سرشتشان تربیت می‌کند. لویز را به همسری کارخانه‌ داری خسیس و حقه‌ باز به نام جوسایا باندربی می‌دهد؛ که سی سال از دخترش بزرگتر است و خلق و خویی بس خشن دارد و از آن قماش آدمهایی است که تمدن صنعتی به وجود می‌آورد. لویز تا اندازه‌ ای از آن جهت به این زناشویی تن درمی‌دهد که تربیتی که پدرش به او داده، او را وقیح و بی‌ اعتنا بار آورده است و تا اندازه‌ ای هم به این جهت که می‌خواهد به برادرش، که تنها کسی است که دوست دارد و کارمند باندربی است، کمک کند. سیاست بازی ست بی‌رحم که به چیزی اعتقاد ندارد، با نام جیم هارتهاوس، به کوکتاون می‌آید و با استفاده از زندگانی توأم با ناکامی لویز، سعی می‌کند که او را فریب دهد. ولی لویز، که در بدبختی نیک‌ترین عواطف خود را دوباره به دست آورده است، ‌به خانه پدرش می‌گریزد و از او درخواست حمایت می‌کند. گراد گریند تازه به دیوانگی زیان‌بخش اخلاق و رفتار خود پی می‌برد. در خلال این احوال، تام در بانک کارخانه‌ دار دست به سرقت کوچکی می‌زند و گناه خود را به گردن بی‌گناهی به نام استیون بلکپول می‌اندازد. اما چون عاقبت جرمش برملا می‌شود، به خارج از کشور فرار می‌کند. ... ادبیات مشاجره است؛ ا. شربیانی

  • Enas Omar
    2018-11-24 11:15

    رغم الطابع الكئيب للرواية الذي يذكرني بالمسلسلات الدرامية العربية قديماً، إلا أن الرواية هادفة جداً و نجح تشارلز ديكنز في رسم شخصياته ببراعة تامة

  • Magrat Ajostiernos
    2018-12-14 13:04

    3,5/5Seguramente 'Tiempos difíciles' no se sume a mis Dickens predilectos pero aún así creo que es una novela muy interesante y que he disfrutado.El contexto político y social es realmente el centro de la historia, y más que los personajes es la trama la que importa en esta novela con temas muy claros como la Revolución industrial, la educación victoriana, la diferencia de clases, la hipocresía generalizada... y sobre todo la lucha entre la ciencia, los hechos y la imaginación.Me han encantado todas las reflexiones de Dickens en esta novela aunque sí que es verdad que me ha faltado algo para llegar a adorarla.

  • Helene Jeppesen
    2018-11-18 07:15

    This book is another evidence of Charles Dickens' brilliancy when it comes to writing. He starts with one person and her destiny, but gradually the story becomes more and more intricate and complex, and in the end you end up with a completely different story from what you started out with. I have quite an ambivalent relationship to Charles Dickens and his books. Some of them I love, some of them confuse me or end up disappointing me. "Hard Times" was a good story, but I was mildly disappointed with the fact that it changes direction. I wanted to continue reading about Sissy and her destiny, but I was disappointed to realize that her story became kind of a parallel plot to the main plot. Nevertheless, the main plot was definitely full of surprises and at times kept you at the edge of your seat, and I liked that. However, I can't disregard the fact that I was quite bored during most of this novel. I felt like the story became more and more predictable, and I felt like it kept dragging on the same characters and their worries and views on life. Therefore, I ended up rating this one 3 stars, because it's definitely worth a read, but it's not my favourite of Dickens'.

  • Bryce Wilson
    2018-11-28 07:03

    Not Dicken's best work, but still, ya know, Dickens. It's pretty much "Lets light some straw men on fire!" day in Dickens land. Presumably Hard Times was chosen as the title because "Let's Kick Some Deserving Fuckers In The Teeth" was already taken. Still I don't know anyone I'd rather watch burn people and deliver teeth kicks then Dickens.

  • Hossam Arafat
    2018-11-24 12:10

    رواية اجتماعية من الطراز الأول تناقض العديد من القضايا و أهمها أثر التعليم في بناء الشخصية غير السوية، ليست أفضل أعمال تشارلز ديكنز لكنها لا تخلو من العمق و الهدف

  • Raghad
    2018-12-13 08:46

    ولد تشارلز جون .لأبوين هما جون وإليزابيث ديكنز وكان ثاني أخوته الثمانية, وعاش طفولة بائسة لأن أباه كان يعمل في وظيفة متواضعه ويعول أسرته كبيرة العدد لهذا اضطر إلى السلف والدين ولم يستطع السداد فدخل السجن، لهذا اضطر لترك المدرسة وهو صغير وألحقه أهله بعمل شاق بأجر قليل حتى يشارك في نفقة الأسرة، وكانت تجارب هذه الطفولة التعسة ذات تأثير في نفسه فتركت انطباعات إنسانية عميقة في حسه والتي انعكست بالتالي على أعماله فيما بعد.تميز تشارلز بموهبة أدبية كبيرة وتنوع أدبه مابين السخرية والحزن عاش ديكنز طفولة شاقة وقهرته المدينة ببؤسها وقبحها وكآبتها، وأثر ذلك فيه وفي كتاباته بل وفي سلوكه وتعامله مع الناس حتى قيل إنه كان يلبس الملابس الزاهية ليلفت الانتباه بعد أن عرفت كتاباته وانتشرت. والذي يقرأ أعمال ديكنز يرى بوضوح أثر طفولتهتدور احداث الرواية في مدينة خيالية تدعى كوكتاون , تحكي القصة عن عائلة جرادجرايند ,حيث ان الأب جرادجرايند يعامل ابنائه (توم ولويزا) بجفاء و يربيهم على الحقيقة . الحقيقة وثم الحقييقة ولا شيء سوى الحقيقة , ولا مكان للتسلية والخيال . وهذا ما دفع الى وقوع ابنائه في المستقبل الى مشاكل اجتماعية وشخصية

  • Antonomasia
    2018-12-14 09:00

    Hard Times: For These TimesPenguin edition with intro & notes by Kate FlintBeyond the Brontes, there aren't many classic novels set in the North of England, and for years I'd been kind-of-meaning to read a few more, especially about workers and heavy industry, Mary Barton, Sons & Lovers, and Hard Times. (As per comment below, North and South was off the table because I'd already seen the TV series and didn't love the plot, and it's also the story of a middle-class southerner moving north, rather than the north qua north.)And - though it may be inconvenient to suggest that at least some adults are influenced by fiction - this year I have realised that I need a much higher proportion of fictional works I consume in any medium to be about people who work full time and don't have much money, as that makes me more accepting of normal life, and that I have to get things done. This autumn I noticed a big difference in feelings and effort after I had been watching Victorian Slum (a show which, yes, can be cynically seen as prompting contemporary people to think conditions now - or in coming years given expected falls in living standards due to Brexit - aren't so bad) compared with my comparative laziness when the last thing I'd read was part of Jonathan Strange and Mr. Norrell, in which most principal characters are not only rich enough they don't need to work, but can also make life even easier via magic. (Hard Times perhaps didn't contain as many scenes of actually going to work as I assumed it would, and Dickens' esteem for the millworkers is expressed in somewhat patronising ways, but the centrality of work is always there in the background.)2016 felt like the right time to read Dickens, and especially a book with this title: the gradual reversion to pre-Second World War, or, colloquially, Victorian, degrees of inequality and state support having finally been made obvious by two key Anglo-American votes that seem very unlikely to alleviate that, especially on this side of the Atlantic. However, I hadn't expected this particular book, chosen purely for its setting, to be so complicatedly pertinent to those political campaigns. (I didn't even know it was Dickens' shortest novel, which my GR friends who know my habits could be forgiven for thinking was my motivation.)Facts in Hard Times are allied with the nouveau riche and a lack of compassion for the poor among a self-made middle and increasingly ruling class that could be described as Thatcherite. What we have been accustomed to calling the right wing. Those seeking to understand and humanise the poor and improve their living and working conditions, including Dickens, argue for greater allowance for emotion. What could traditionally be seen as the left.Apply to the UK and the US in 2016 and the polarities appear to have switched, especially as regards the much-discussed "left behind" section of the electorate. Facts, solid research and a noeliberal establishment presenting itself as the sensible choice were pipped to the post by appeals to emotion, dreams and the lived experience of fed-up people who were tired of being called stupid. (I know about the $50-100k Trump voters, the upper middle class Brexiteers, but I agree that it was the swing vote from prior supporters of Obama and Labour which made that key small percentage difference.) I think Hard Times would be good reading (and thinking) material for those on the left and particularly centre left at the moment.More so because Gradgrind also isn't as grim as his name appears. He's not actually Wackford Squeers mark II, as I assumed. (And as would be easily assumed from all the readers who hate him. Someone described him as a monster?! I'm pretty certain some of these people would also be the types who say "but he means well, he cares underneath" if he was real.)Perhaps I don't find him all that grim because he feels like an eminently plausible ancestor. He's rather like some of my own relatives. He's not actively cruel, or violent or angry or inconsistent; he means very well, but he nevertheless has deleterious effects because he just. doesn't. get. it. He's a bit of a robot; he doesn't understand how others are different, why that's okay and how to accommodate their needs, never mind provide emotional attunement. Aspects of Gradgrind family life feel to me like an exaggerated caricature of deeply familiar realities (with people I've known socially, not just some relatives).But I can understand him; I am also regularly exasperated by people not sharing views of mine which make much more sense on a large scale than common practice (and it is much harder to live with when they are not matters on which one is conventionally "allowed" to speak out and break away) and think that certain social norms ought to be changed. I daresay others have observed this before me, but Gradgrind is so Aspie. Or more precisely reads like what you get from Aspie + old-school British upbringing. Of course, the politics aren't quite as simple as they first appear, because Dickens' impoverished characters are presented as nice people whereas the 2016 rightward populist voter is often characterised as racist, or at least not placing a candidate's racism high enough up the list as the other side think they should. A more definite difference is that the Dickensian industrialist fact-propagators are the ones who believe there's almost no such thing as too much hard work, a position now established among the emotional appeals of right-wing populism in Britain and the US. The most constant difference between right and left of 1854 and 2016 appears to be on locus of control and the notion of a deserving and undeserving poor. At the time I started this book - 15th Nov - I was desperate to try and understand how humour might have a place in such a world of increased poverty, inequality and progressively more dystopian news: I knew it had to, but I couldn't see how, feeling that there must be the beginning of an answer in going back to old comic authors, like Dickens, and Shakespeare's mechanical scenes, written in worlds where life was harder for a far higher percentage of people. Or there was the very specific idea I had for a post-apocalyptic comedy in which one of the main characters in an ensemble was a witty, flamboyant gay guy based on a composite of a couple of friends and some famous people; but no-one else has made it and I haven't quite the chops to write it myself. The thing which has actually given me the greatest sense of "life goes on", even whilst the news feels strange and volatile and full of potential Archduke Ferdinand moments, has been switching for a couple of weeks to the Goodreads community newsfeed - i.e. random people, in theory everyone on the whole damn site. They're a lot more interesting and varied than some of you give them credit for.So much for all these big a/illusions about the relevance of Hard Times: it's also another of Dickens' sentimental soap operas starring cartoon characters painted in black or white, and minimal greyscale. I like the whole a bit too much to say "mawkish", but agree it's forgivable to use that word of certain scenes. I'm glad I read it when I was old and cynical enough to know that, actually, people rarely change as much as Gradgrind does here, and on the few occasions they do, never as quickly. (I reckon it would take about 18 months of therapy, as well as sheer aptitude, to acquire that amount of emotional insight and expression from cold - it puts me in mind of a case study in one of Daniel Siegel's books, in which a chap described as having a fairly high degree of avoidant attachment, but who also sounds like he has Aspie traits, became much more emotionally open after deciding to do therapy in old age in order to communicate better with his family.) The accumulation in implicit memory over many years of novels and films in which people have rapid character transformations - if someone only says the right thing - led to way too many disappointments when I was younger. Even if one or two people did seem to have observed something like that in me. As a practically middle-aged adult, Gradgrind's Damascene conversion seems as obviously fantastical, impossible fairy-tale wish fulfilment, and a product of Victorian sentimentality, as does the higly improbable and pulpy - and yes, arguably, ultimately mawkish - coincidence between other characters a few chapters later. (view spoiler)[Such as the bit where Rachael and Sissy find Stephen despite other search parties having failed. (hide spoiler)]The negative authorial view of suave cad Harthouse (view spoiler)[ - whilst it was evidently unlikely to happen, I hoped Louisa would shag him because I wanted her to have some throwaway fun with someone infinitely fitter than her husband -(hide spoiler)] could be an interesting comparison with takes on similar characters of the fin de siecle. His amorality, levity and chameleon nature appear to be used as indictments, but so used am I to seeing near-identical phrases adopted as positives by Wilde and other aesthetes (Did Oscar nick them from Charles? I would not be surprised) that these attributes have lost 90% of their power as criticism.Hard Times is a funny old thing really, part complex/relevant/political, part pulp of yesteryear - though I guess those are the essence of what Dickens is. -----I never used to leave an academic introduction until after I'd read the book, but this time I did.The notes by Kate Flint (I really like the name “Kate Flint” – spellable, doesn’t stand out too much, yet memorable, poetically consonant and so very definite and solid ) are pretty good as notes in contemporary editions go: there aren’t too many of the explanations of things that should be common knowledge to the vast majority of readers of Eng Lit at this level, but there are still some oddities inexplicably missed out, of which I’d have liked elucidation, as they simply don’t lend themselves to encyclopaedias or search. The latter was every thus; notes never seem to be complete. The introduction is decent – I have a feeling that the reason that nearly all introductions feel somewhat insubstantial these days is only because I first got to know the Penguin / OUP Classics intro as a form whilst aged 10-14, and that is still the time at which I read the greatest concentration of them; inevitably they would have seemed that bit more difficult and more of the information novel at that age. The central premise of Flint’s commentary is that the novel intentionally defies easy categorisation and (although the term is not used) its binary oppositions are incomplete because it is setting itself up against the rigid system of Victorian Utilitarian philosophy and education. (For example it tends to favour the “natural” over the artificial (unlike the decadents of 40 years later, as I mentioned above), and the section titling headlines this, with agricultural terms in contrast to the industrial setting (how did I miss that?!) But that is not total. It is “not a programmatic book, and is the stronger for it”. Dickens shies away from being too radical politically: his working class characters are sympathetic as individuals with predicaments, and ostracised by the organised trade union (however, those who try to keep them so very downtrodden reform spontaneously, or are exposed as hypocrites). Whilst reading the first part of Hard Times, I was convinced it must have been written whilst Dickens’ marriage was breaking down, as there is not a good marriage in the book. His pedestalising of Louisa seemed transparently like someone who was becoming attracted to younger women but wrestling with this, as the author evidently thinks the marriage with an age gap of 30-odd years is a bad idea from the first – on checking the history, I saw he had not met Ellen Terry at this point. The introduction has a little but not too much on that well worn topic “the role of women”, found in every list of possible Eng Lit essays to choose between. Dickens does not overtly criticise Louisa’s being educated in the same way as a boy, which makes the book more palatable to modern readers, although there are hints of disapproval in the text that Flint points out, especially when it is seen in the context of nineteenth century advice to women. In the end it is Sissy Jupe who emerges as the most balanced character.I haven't read a lot of Dickens in recent times (my last was Bleak House in 2005), so was it me, finding this one particularly soapy, or is it the book? Flint mentions that Hard Times was the first book in thirteen years that Dickens wrote as a weekly - rather than a monthly - serial, which may explain that.

  • MJ Nicholls
    2018-11-24 11:50

    Hard Times opens with the usual Dickens comic brio and sabre-toothed satire. Mr Gradgrind’s pursuit of Facts, Facts, Facts deadens his daughter Louisa’s sense of Fancy and humour, until she relents to a marriage to Mr. Bounderby—surely the progenitor of this Monty Python sketch. As the novel moves into its second half, the melodramatic and laboured Steven Blackpool narrative distracts from the more poignant story of circus orphan Sissy and the Gradgrinds. Steven’s phonetic Lancastrian dialect is unnecessarily distracting and the social commentary becomes somewhat tedious upon the arrival of the saucy politician. Too much time is devoted to Mrs Sparsit, a bland fallen lady at the mercy of Bounderby, not enough to Sissy. Let’s not forget the phonetically rendered Lisp of Mr. Sleary, or the hysterical (in the wrong way) fate of Stephen. Apart from these complaints Hard Times is fine: the story isn’t dreary, only the individual elements and plotting seemed a little subpar.

  • Hend
    2018-11-23 13:09

    إذا فسد التعليم، فسد كل شئبعيداً عن أعمال التشويق و الأثارة التي أشتهر بها الكثير من كتاب عصره، يقدم لنا تشارلز ديكنز رواية هادئة تنتقد الكثير من سلبيات المجتمع و تفضح آثارهاالأب جرادجريند يمثل الثورة الصناعية التى غزت اوربا وقتها بكل ما تحمله من أهمال للمشاعر وتقديس للمادة وحدها فيعلم أبناءه على مبدا العقل البحت متناسيا القلب والعواطف الإنسانية ،مما أوقعهم في مشاكل اجتماعية بعد ذلكالرواية تحاول نقد الكثير من الظواهر الأجتماعية التى عاصرها تشارلز ديكنز، بداية من التعليم الذى يركز على تقديس قيمة العقل وحده دون أى جهد لتعزيز و تطوير القيم الجمالية و الأنسانية و العاطفية ، مروراً بمجتمع صناعي بحت تحكمه المادة و قوانينها القاسية، و نهاية بحضارة زائفة لا تري فى الأنسان سوى ترس فى آلة ضخمة و باتالي تهمل تماماً كافة أحتياجاته و مشاعره الأنسانية

  • Holly
    2018-11-27 10:11

    This novel actually really surprised me. Many reviews on Goodreads liken the title to the reading experience, one of pushing through long details and descriptions. Actually, this book has done the opposite for me. My reading of Victorian books has been few and far between. Middlemarch was a great novel, one which I am glad I read, and I recently bought a 16-book Dickens Collection in an attempt to get some more of his under my belt.Having only read A Tale of Two Cities previously, I was aware that Hard Times was relatively similar. I admit, I picked it because it was short, and I wanted something to kickstart my Dickens reading again. I wasn't disappointed. A social criticsm on how basing our lives on facts are numbing and remove the humanity within us, Hard Times is Dickens' critique of Utilitarianism. Mr Gradgrind teaches his children, and his students, the importance of facts and how life should be based around them. Living like that, Louisa decides to marry her fathers friend, Mr Bounderby, to aid her brother, Tom, in maintaining his job.Simulateously, you have the story of Stephen Blackpool, a working-class factory worker who is haunted by his drunken wife. Employed by Mr Bounderby, his only happiness in life is visits from his friend, Rachael. When fired, Stephen is helped by Louisa, and moves away. Tom, however, incriminates him as a thief, instead taking the money for his debts and drinking. Louisa and Tom act in very different ways to their factual upbringing. Louisa strives to maintain her strict life, ignoring all fancys and emotions until Mr Harthouse arrives. Tom, however, descends into drinking and depression, a fall that is beautifully depicted by Dickens.As my second Dickens novel, I was pleasantly surprised how much I enjoyed Hard Times. While not as content-full as A Tale of Two Cities, the depth of Dickens' characters made the novel very enjoyable to read. It has definitely encouraged me to further my readings into Dickens.

  • Dagio_maya
    2018-12-01 10:51

    Gennaio 2015 Perchè Dickens è Dickens.Ho avuto due difficoltà con questa lettura. La prima è cosa ricorrente nella storia di un qualunque lettore: il momento sbagliato. La lettura si deve accompagnare ad una disponibilità psicologica non c'è niente da fare!La seconda difficoltà (certamente condizionata dalla prima) riguarda la sensazione di “tradimento”.Mi aspettavo un romanzo minimamente (nei limiti dei canoni vittoriani) centrato sulla condizione operaia: in realtà, "le mani" (metafora che Dickens usa per nominare gli operai...) sono una sfumatura. Ciò che risalta è l'accusa ad una società capitalista tesa a mettere in atto un individualismo sfrenato. Gli operai sono banalmente poveri di materia e ricchi di quel buonismo (e diciamocelo: anche un po' patetico!) tanto caro a Dickens. Quello che è maggiormente indagato è l’aspetto umano; essere poveri per Dickens è automaticamente sintomo di una sensibilità ed un altruismo paradigmatici. Povero uguale buono, punto.Ciò che mi è spiaciuto veramente è stata la completa assenza di analisi della condizione operaria e dunque ciò che lo avrebbe reso veramente un romanzo sociale. Una prova lampante è che persino il delegato sindacale è dipinto come becero e ridicolo. Non una parola sulla funzione del sindacalismo…Nessun personaggio mi ha suscitato empatia.I "buoni come Stephen Blackpool peccano di debolezza ed al massimo suscitano della pietà.Ma perché allora quattro stellette? Perchè Dickens è Dickens. Una penna che scivola senza incrinature e taglia il foglio con la sua ironia ed il suo sarcasmo; incide le immagini attraverso memorabili descrizioni.Una struttura del romanzo originale (Semina/Falciatura/ Raccolto) che biblicamente ci ricorda che "chi semina vento raccoglie tempesta". E poi un epilogo per me memorabile.Non dico altro perchè comunque sia va letto.

  • Ana Carvalheira
    2018-11-28 05:01

    Se um dia, alguém me perguntar porque gosto tanto de ler autores novecentistas, não terei a menor hesitação em responder: o sentido de ordem, de conduta moral (algo que se fosse recuperado hoje em dia, tornaria a nossa sociedade em algo sublime) mas, fundamentalmente, diria, a atualidade das situações, das emoções, das paixões, das respostas às nossas mais variegadas interrogações.Há muito que Charles Dickens fazia parte da minha lista de escritores obrigatórios, aquela em que elencamos os indispensáveis, cuja leitura sabemos de antemão que só nos irá enriquecer. E, dentro desse objetivo, “Tempos Difíceis” não defraudou, de forma alguma, as expectativas criadas. Andava a namorá-lo há algum tempo e, dentro do pressuposto que admito verdadeiro, que são os livros que nos escolhem, não no momento que julgamos, mas na altura em que são eles a decidir, percebi que tinha chegado a hora de ter sido eleita para usufruir, saborear, deliciar-me com uma narrativa excecional em todas as suas vertentes.E, simplesmente, fiquei rendida! Não só pelo formidável sentido de humor de Dickens, mas também pelo testemunho e, de certa forma, homenagem que presta à sociedade industrial que, na altura em que o livro foi escrito, mais concretamente, em 1854, se encontrava na sua maior e mais absoluta pujança. E, neste “Tempos Difíceis”, porque, de facto, foram tempos difíceis, pela mão de um extraordinário escritor, sentimos, vivemos, somos também adicionados a uma atmosfera de cinzas e fumos, de prosperidade para uns, de improsperidade (acho que esta palavra não existe mas não me ocorre outra daí a invenção) para a maior parte, comandados pela vontade e economia burguesas que nada mais viam a não ser o lucro, a mais valia nem que isso fosse ou estivesse abaixo dos níveis do, humanamente, comportáveis.Mas deixando as abstrações, “Tempos Difíceis” tem a capacidade de nos envolver numa trama que tem um pouco de tudo: romance, mistério, crime, mas de uma forma leve pois não nos deixamos enganar pelos perpetradores de má consciência. Mas a grande lição que me ocorre retirar desta excelente história reside no facto que por mais que pensemos que a razão está acima da emoção, da imaginação e da criatividade, tão características da condição humana, ela própria nunca vencerá os ditames do coração e da alma.Foi o primeiro livro que li de Charles Dickens mas tenho a certeza de que não será o único!

  • Pink
    2018-12-09 10:11

    Alright, so I was quite prejudiced going into this. I read and disliked A Christmas Carol and in my head I feel like I'm not a Dickens fan. Despite this being the first novel of his I've tried. It's his shortest finished book and depicts the social structures of the time, which I'm interested in reading. So it made sense to start here. Overall, I was pleasantly surprised. I didn't like all of the characters and at times I was frustrated with the plot, but I enjoyed listening to it on audiobook and wanted to find out what happened in the end. So it held my attention, didn't annoy me and has made me consider reading more of his work. I'd call that a win.

  • Craig Robb
    2018-11-15 09:51

    They say no-one reads a book to get to the middle. Well, for Hard Times, perhaps they should, so disappointing the end turns out to be, this is one of the examples of how literature has improved over the years. Having read Oliver Twist, A Christmas Carol and A Tale of Two Cities and enjoying them all immensely I tried Hard Times, having read here and elsewhere that the book represented Dickens at his best. It does not, and to say that it does devalues his other work. The book is filled with shallow characters where motivations are left unexplained, where the writing is long and overworked, where the reliance on local dialect is used as a substitute for characterisation, this for me is Dickens at his worst. There is, underneath all the wrought wordmanship, a worthy tale of the perils of industrialisation but it is too obtusely flanked by peripheral stories that do nothing but divert the attention away from this central tale. A scything edit and a reduction in word count to around 50,000 would have helped the story shine through but, as it is, it remains as blustery, repetitive overblown, misguided, predictable and boring as old Bounderby himself. Very disappointing.

  • أيمن بدوي
    2018-12-01 13:12

    رواية عميقة في تصويرها للشخصيات، و في نقدها للعديد من الظواهر السلبية التي كانت سائدة في المجتمع وقتها مثل تقديس المادة على حساب العاطفة و المشاعر

  • Cori
    2018-11-16 09:12

    From my blog: NOTE: I listened to the audio version. For some reason, I could never get into Dickens. I was an English major, for goodness' sake. I tried David Copperfield. I tried the Pickwick Papers. I tried Oliver Twist. All meh, and I didn't finish any of them. I have, however, enjoyed many a film adaptation of his novels, including Bleak House (fan. tas. tic.) and Nicholas Nickleby, so I knew that it couldn't be that bad. Anyway, my friend Hillary has recommended Hard Times for a long time, so when I saw it at the library, I picked it up. I've decided that as far as Dickens goes, I need to have someone else read it for me. Someone to do the voices and read with the right emphasis. I guess I'm lazy when it comes to Dickens. And I'm okay with that. And it was FRACKIN' AWESOME. (Can you really call Dickens FRACKIN' AWESOME? Don't you have to say he was "spot on, jolly good fellow" or something?) Anyway, Martin Jarvis was the reader and he was SO GOOD. So fantastic that I went out and requested more things read by him just so I could hear him talk some more. Apparently he's one of the audio book greats out there, if there is such a thing. Dickens was so alive when Jarvis read it. The characters, the settings, the lists and statistics, the ... everything, was amazing because of Jarvis. I'm pretty sure the book was good, but I think I would be raving had Jarvis read out of the phone book. *stops obsessing about Martin Jarvis's reading abilities*The novel centers around the Gradgrind family and some of their friends (and not-so-friends). The children are raised adhering to facts while living in a society that worships the machines their town run on. Their father dismisses anything fanciful and imaginative. As the novel progresses, relationships are made and broken, and the characters come to the realization that there is much more to life than just the facts.

  • إسراء فكري
    2018-12-14 11:46

    ..الرواية من روايات الأدب الإنجليزي القليلةاللِّي شدتني .. بعكس (قصة مدينتين) مثلًا ! رغم إنها لم تكن سيئة.. حياة تشارلز ديكنز وطفولتُه البائسة اثرها ظاهر بِشكل كبير علي شخصياته اللِّي بيرسمها بإحترافية التجارب الأليمة التي يمر بها كُل شخص هي التي تصنعه بالتأكيد وبالتالي تترك تأثير عظيم فى نفسه،رواية تترك بصمة إنسانية عميقة ف الوجدان.تتضمن الرواية حديث عن الأطفال الصغار الَّذين عانوا الكثير من العذاب والقهر والضياع بسبب الظروف الاجتماعية السائدة ف مجتمعاتهِم.البعض يختار الظروف لتكون عونًا له علي الأيام، يستمد منها القوة، والحكمة أيضًاوهناك آخرين.. يجدوا منها الفرصة السانحة لتُصبح الظروف شماعة لإرتكاب الأخطاء في حق أنفسهم ومن حولهِم.. حياتك البائسة من الممكن أن تكون مدرستك. فقط إذا اردت.عمل إنساني، بيوصل رسالة فعلًاالأسلوب سهل وبسيط بكُل ما فى هذه الحياة من أمل وألم.رغم البؤس بها إلا إنه لم يُظهر لنا الدنيا سوداوية .. بل يرى أنكل شيء قابل للإصلاح ..

  • midnightfaerie
    2018-11-14 08:05

    Click here for Charles Dickens Disclaimer I'm not even sure where to start with this book. First of all, Hard Times is one of the shorter, and lesser known of the Dickens novels. At only around four hundred pages, it almost seems like a novella compared to his other tomes of one thousand pages or more. The book has some interesting characters. We have Thomas Gradgrind, the obstinate disciplinarian, who raises his children to use their head and facts in all things and to never "wonder" because that will lead to flights of fancy which can only lead you astray. He is to be taken down a piece at a time, so that his contrition at the end of the novel allows us to forgive him and admire him in his role of one of our lead characters. We have a Mr. Bounderby, a friend of Gradgrind, who also adheres to the Philosophy is Fact principle, but more out of slogans than anything else. A detestable man, he is self-made and self-serving, raising himself to a social status that is hypocritical and not altogether of pure fact. Whereas Thomas Gradgrind believes what he is preaching, Mr. Bounderby uses it only a means to an end or for a statement of self. And we have Stephen Blackpool, Dickens typical representation of the lower classes, sporting integrity and morals, enduring the everyday toil of working poverty, while he is victimized by his fellow workers and employer. The lowly servant brought down by the system. Damn the man. Then we have some female characters such as Sissy, the young woman Gradgrind takes in when her father abandons her, and Mrs. Sparsit, who is ever wiping the brown from her nose where Bounderby is concerned, or contrarily, calling his portrait a "Noodle", when he's not around. I've mentioned before some criticism about Dicken's novels that I've read dealing with the insipid nature of Dickens female characters. While this is often true, in this novel I found the opposite in our female lead, Louisa, Thomas's beloved daughter. While raised in the same way as her brother, Tom "the Whelp", instead of masking indifference to their families rule and wallowing in self-pity and gambling like Tom does, Louisa's intelligence is displayed in the fact (pun intended), that she realizes from the beginning that something essential is missing from her life. She is drawn to the circus as a child, although severely reprimanded by her father, and recognizes an integrity and warmth in Sissy which she herself doesn't have. She gives into a loveless marriage with Mr. Bounderby, hoping that in some way it might help her brother get out of his careless ways, or at the very least, help pay for them. She shows strength, courage, and amenability when none other exist during times of duress. There are many more characters as there often are, as lovely and as detailed as these, however, these were some of the main ones. And once again, we see how Dickens' writing serves to develop the ramifications of public issues for individual lives. He shows us that the consequences for individual men and women matter most in a social system. He also reiterates his main theme over and over again in showing us that a simple life, adhering to the Philosophy of Fact, strips us of our sympathy, leaves us empty, and is a basic misconception of human nature. Like I mentioned earlier, Gradgrind is brought to his knees at the end of the novel in realization of what he's done to his children, showing us the irony of his ideas. Louisa is finally brought light in Gradgrind's eyes, when another man, other than her husband proposes a love-filled affair, something her husband could never fathom. She breaks down in despair and runs to her father, finally telling him everything she's really felt all these years, and this is only the beginning of Gradgrind's downfall. Her brother, Tom, falls too, but he has learned nothing but selfishness from his upbringing and tries to find satisfaction in pursuing his own selfish interests to no avail. When he resorts to desperate means to fill the gap, everything falls apart and Gradgrind finally realizes what he's done to his children. Blackpool, our somewhat hero, or at least stable character of the story, is hurrying home from another town to clear his name of something he's been wrongly accused of when he falls into Old Hell Shaft, a big hole. An appropriate allegory, he is destroyed by this big black hole in nature and left by the uncaring industrialists that have plagued him from the beginning. Besides the underlying themes, I also found this novel suspenseful and highly entertaining. Although Mr. Sleary's lisp was difficult to understand at times (I found myself reading some of his lines out loud, much to my detriment, but to the merriment of my husband), it still was one of my favorite Dicken's novel thus far. Even though Dickens can be sometimes predictable, I still wasn't sure how the tale would end. And I'm in awe of just how many books he's written and how all of them are so different and enjoyable. While Dickens writing never ceases to transport me into his world, he's also an expert on relaying his ideologies and political and social beliefs through his stories. On top of this, his characters come to life in new and dramatic ways, differently in each and every novel he writes. He's one of my favorite classical authors and this is another brilliant piece of work in a long line of books. I highly recommend it. ClassicsDefined.com

  • Ibrahim Saad
    2018-11-23 06:00

    ......بعد أن انتهيت من قراءة هذه الرواية ، تأكدت من حقيقة مهمة جداً .. وهي "ما أشقى الإنسان الذي لا يرى من هذا العالم إلا ما تبصره عيناه " حقاً ما أشقى هذا الإنسان .. ماذا تعني الحياة ، ما هو مقياس الحياة ؟ أهي كل ما نراه من حقائق فقط ؟ العمل ، المال، المكانة ، العقل والتفكير المنطقي البعيد عن العواطف والشعور ؟ أنرى هذه الحياة في الإنسان الآلة ، الدائم الحركة والنشاط والعمل ولا وقت لديه ليفكر في مشاعر وحب وما شابه ذلك من -ترهات- في نظره ، أم نرى ذلك في الهدوء والسكون والبعد عن الحركة والناس والانطواء ؟بمعنى أصح وأشمل ... هل الحياة هي الواقع .. الواقع فقط ولا وجود أو جدوى لأي أمر خارج هذا الواقع من مشاعر وأحاسيس .. الخ ؟إذاً ما الفرق بيني وبين أي دابة أخرى ؟ لذلك تأكدت من حقيقة أخرى وهي "صحيح أنني لا أرتفع فوق الواقع في كل لحظة ، ولكنني أحس أنني إنساناً حقاً حين أرتفع فوق الواقع ، وبمقدار ذلك الإرتفاع " !!.............................السيد غرادغيراند .. رجل الأعمال الذي لا يرى في هذه الحياة الى كل ما يندرج تحت الحقائق والواقع ، لا يعترف بشيء سوى ان يكون حقيقة ملموسة ، يعلم التلاميذ في مدرسته أيضاً هذه الحياة ، لا شيء اسمه الخيال ، لا شيء اسمه ابداع او تخيل .. هنا نتعامل مع الوقائع ، الوقائع وفقط .. لا يمكن ان تضع وسادة او سجادة عليها صورة وردة مثلاً لان في هذا بعد عن الواقع ، وبجانب هذا انشأ أولاده عل هذا الأمر ايضاً فكانت هنا المشكلة سيسي فتاة السيرك ، التي غادر والدها المهرج وهرب ، وتركها وحدها ، وتبناها السيد غرد ، ولكن لم تكن سيسي مثل غراد ، لم تفلح في تعلم الحقائق فقط ، كان بداخلها شيء اقووى من الحقائق .. هو الحب لذلك لمساتها نشرت جو الحب داخل المنزل الكئيب الذي لا يعرف سوى الحقيقة لويزا ابنته التي تجوزت بصديقه المسن ، لم يهتموا كثيراً ما اذا كانت تحبه او يحبها ام لا .. هذا بعيد عن الحقائق ثم اخيرأ رجعت الى منزل والدها .. واكتشف ان ما علمه لها وما تعلمه هو كان خطأ "ابنتي العزيزة، هل يمكن لإنسان أن يصبح حكيمًا بطريقتين مختلفتين؟ بعض الناس يقولون هذا.. إنهم يقولون أن بمقدور القلب أن يكون حكيمًا.. كالعقل تمامًا. لم أصدق هذا القول أبدًا ولكن.. ربما كنت مخطئًا.""يبدو أن الحب قد غير أشياء كثيرة في هذا البيت. إن هناك أشياء لا يستطيع العقل أن يفعلها بينما يقوم بها القلب في هدوء.". أخوها توم الذي لا يقل تعاسةً عنها ، شربه الكثير ، وأخيراً سرقة البنك ، ثم الهرب من المدينة تماماً .. موضوع الرواية أعجبني جداً ، وأسلوب السرد كان جيد ، لكن لاحظت أمر غريب جداً .. أن الكاتب همش دور فتاة السيرك سيسي ، وأهتم بوصف حياة لويزا ابنه السيد غراد وتعاستها واثار تعليم والدها التي كانت في الحقيقة سبب لتعاستها والرائع أيضاً وصف الحياة الصناعية بالمدن ، ورسم صورة وكأنك تراها بعينك .. في الواقع وكأنك ترى القاهره أيضاً :D بمنازلها ومبانيها السوداء ومصانعها ... الخالأمر الذي لفت انتباهي أيضاً .. هو هذا العامل ستيفن بلاكبول .. قصة هذا العامل تمثل الطبقة الكادحة البائسة ، وسيطرة اصحاب رأس المال على حياة هذه الطبقة وعملها ، وعندما قرر العمال تكوين نقابة والثورة على صاحب المصانع .. لم يشترك معهم .. رغم علمه بنزاهة مطالبهم وحقوقهم ، ورغم عدم اشتراكه معهم أن طرد من المصنع واتهمه صاحبه بالسرقة .. لذلك نصيحة (كن مع الثورة) :D إنك يا سيدي لن تستطيع أن توقف مسيرة الزمن إذا وضعت هذه الساعة في السجن " لذلك الأفكار ضد السجن :)) اما النهاية .. فهي نهاية أشبه بنهايات الأفلام العربية القديمة :D ان يتحول كل ما هو سيء الى جيد مرة واحدة ، أن تتغير الأراء والأفكار .. أمر غريب عموماً .. هذه ليست كل الشخصيات ، ولا كل الأحداث .. فلا أريد أن افسد على أحد استمتاعه بالرواية .. وهي في المجمل رواية جيده واجمل ما فيها انها جعلت احدى اهم قضايا الأنسان محوراً لها .. :) وتطرقت الى الثورة والظلم وقضايا أخرى ....

  • Mohammed Arabey
    2018-11-27 05:07

    I study it At my last High School year...It was seriously Hard Times :)I loved the story and lived in my head the places,the characters ... I even create a cast for the novel to live it :)

  • Rashaan
    2018-12-08 10:08

    A slim and compact tale whose characters and story packs a powerful punch, Dickens’ Hard Times is as vitriolic an indictment against the institutionalized teaching model Paolo Friere scathingly criticized as the “banking concept” in his Pedagogy of the Oppressed. Josiah Bounderby is delectably drawn, as is the crooked and colorful characters of James Harthouse, Mrs. Sparsit, and our cold and calculated heroine, Louisa Gradgrind. Dickens, at first, seems to forgo his typical habit of idealizing women and turns to poor, noble Stephen Blackpool, our vessel of compassion and relative to Tiny Tim and Bob Cratchit, who all share the soppy and saccharine blood of all that is good and pure. In the same vein, Tom Gradgrind is a more evil and broken version of his predecessor, Richard Carnstone. Dickens makes his downfall so wickedly delightful that we can’t help but take pleasure in the fact that sometimes it feels so good to be so bad. The book, like Elizabeth Gaskell’s North & South, also raises a harsh and scrutinizing brow towards Industry, dismissing the stoic heartlessness of businessmen who only have minds and spend time on cold, hard facts. Our saving hope eventually swoops in and typical to the great Chuck D. only Sissy Jupe’s kind, warm heart can melt the icy stubbornness of an otherwise frigid cast.Sissy Jupe, a truly fascinating woman, is sadly left unexploited as a character. The abandoned daughter of a circus performer turned savior to Coketown, so much potential is lost in a conclusion that is sadly rushed and seems slapdash at most. With a transparent plot that rockets each character into a fiery trajectory, their destinations dissipate into deflated summary at the end of the novel. Dickens strength is utilizing the environment and surroundings of his story to open up his characters and give depth to his themes. This is a wonderfully condensed example of how to use Place to shade characters and direct action.

  • AnaVlădescu
    2018-11-22 09:07

    Dickens becomes a very hard author to read once you move past his childhood-centered works. Suddenly, everything is about morality or politics. I enjoy his writing, but you do need both patience and an ability to change the register in which you're reading his work. "Hard Times" was first published in 1854 - few readers of contemporary or modern literature can truly adjust to the sort of language used in his books. Dickens is truly timeless, timeless through his themes and approach, as well as through his penmanship. Much like Dostoyevsky, his reign is absolute because he was a pioneer of in-depth, character-focused literature, where human beings are portrayed in so much detail and their minds are split open for the reader to look inside them, that by the end of the book the reader is as much a part of their world as they are. "Hard Times" is actually the author's shortest book and it is a commentary on utilitarianism (as proposed by Jeremy Bentham), a notion that I'm very familiar with, having studied it as part of my degree. I was pleasantly surprised to find the subtle hints and jokes played on contemporary figures or their theories (such as Adam Smith or Thomas Malthus).

  • حنان لاشين
    2018-11-26 13:06

    «أوقات صعبة» لتشارلس ديكنزكتبت الرواية في زمن الثورة الصناعية زمن الفوارق الطبقية والانتفاضات العمالية والشعبية. و في إمكاننا أن نقول إن تشارلز ديكنز، الكاتب الإنكليزي الكبير والذي كان من أكثرهم شهرة وتأثيراً في القراء الأوروبيين عموماً بكتاباته تلك التي من النوع الشخصيّ جداً كان رائعًا في هذه الرواية.ديكنز لم يعش الفقر والصراعات الطبقية نظرياً، عبر التأمل والقراءة، بل عاشها بنفسه ميدانياً، هو الذي كان منذ طفولته يعاني غرق أهله في الديون ووصول أبيه إلى السجن أحياناً بسبب تلك الديون. ومن هنا، فإن الواقع في الرواية نابعاً من معاناته الشخصية.تدور أحداث رواية «أوقات صعبة» في مدينة كوكتاون، حيث كانت تزدهر الصناعات الناشئة وبدأ ينتشر نوع من التبديل الجذري في ذهنيات أفراد الطبقة العاملة كما في الأحوال الاقتصادية للناس. في الرواية يظهر صراع بين طبقتين(البورجوازية والبروليتاريا) ديكنز رمز إلى البروليتاريا بشخصية العامل بلاكبول ورمز الى البورجوازية عبر شخصيتين أساسيتين :1-مديرُ المدرسة غراد غريند، الذي كان -لفرط ما لديه من نزعة مادية- يربي أولاده على الوقائع الحقائق حتى أنه كان يوجه إليهم الأمر المباشر بكل قسوة (لا تتخيل..لا تسرحي)تربية مجرّدة من العاطفة والحب وكان لها تأثير على ابنته الكبرى وشقيقها بطريقة مختلفة..فكل منهما له شخصية مختلفة تظهر خلال تطور الأحداث.2- السيد باوندرباي، رجل الأعمال والمصرفي، صديق مدير المدرسة، والذي يطمع في الزواج من ابنته الجميلة وهو هنا بورجوازي حقيقي يعيش حياته وأفكاره في خط واحد لا يتطور..(عكس شخصية غراد غريند غير الراسخ طبقيا التي تطورت في النهاية)الجزء الأساس من الرواية يتتبع مسار حياة الشخصيتين «البورجوازيتين» بالإضافة إلى مسار شخصية الصغيرة سيسي الفقيرة، ابنة مهرج السيرك التي تلقي بها الأحداث إلى ساحة البيت لتتربى مع أولاد (غراد) بعقليتها الخيالية وشخصيتها العاطفية وكل ذاك الحب الذي تحمله..كان من المنطقي أن تحظى بحب الكاتب، لأن الفقراء، في رأيه «يعرفون عادة كيف يحافظون على أفئدتهم صافية نقية». تتتبع الرواية أيضًا مسارشخصية العامل البسيط بلاكبول، الذي يقع ذات مرة ضحية لمؤامرة يحيكها ضده ابن سيده صاحب العمل، ومرة ثانية ضحية لسذاجة رفاقه في العمل في مصنع الحياكة...هنا يمثل الكاتب شرف الطبقة العاملة ونزاهتها في شخصية العامل (بلاكبول) بينما سمثل الوجه السوداوي منها في شخصيات رفاقه في المصنعالنهاية كانت مريحة اللهم إلا شخصية ابنة غراد غريند التي تزوجت من صديقة المصرفي الذي يكبرها بثلاثين سنة ..وددت لو أنها حظيت بنهاية أفضل. هذا العمل يبقى من أجمل أعمال تشارلز ديكنز.